The Difference Between Type I and Type II Diabetes

The Difference Between Type I and Type II Diabetes

by Shearly (SU)

In today’s society, many people hear about diabetes and the dangers it poses to the health of millions of Americans. What most people do not realize, is that there are two very different types of diabetes.

Diabetes is a disease that affects how the body uses glucose, a sugar that is used as a source of fuel for the body.  Normally, the hormone insulin helps glucose enter the cells where it is used for energy.  People with diabetes do not produce insulin, do not produce enough insulin, or the insulin does not work like it should.  As a result, glucose does not get into the body’s cells and stays in the bloodstream.  Too much sugar in the blood makes people ill and can result in medical complications.  

There are different types of diabetes; Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes. Type 1 is an auto-immune disorder.  In Type 1, the body mistakenly recognizes the cells that produce insulin as foreign and kills them off.  As a result, people with type 1 diabetes do not produce insulin.  There is no cure for type 1 diabetes, and it cannot be prevented.  It is a lifelong condition.  Type 1 diabetes must be treated with insulin.  In the case of type 1 diabetes, a person’s diet or lifestyle does not contribute to the development of the disease.

Type 2 diabetes, is the most common form of diabetes. It generally affects adults, 40 years of age or older and accounts for nearly 95% of cases, according to the CDC. Being overweight and not exercising, along with high blood pressure and high cholesterol are definitely risk factors for Type 2. People with Type 2 diabetes produce insulin, but they either do not produce enough or the cells of the body are resistant to the absorption of insulin, and glucose remains in the bloodstream. Unlike type 1 diabetics, type 2 diabetics may not have to rely entirely on insulin to control their symptoms, though many of these diabetics do eventually end up taking insulin injections.

People with diabetes need to diligently manage their disease to remain healthy and reduce the risk of medical complications.  Many people with diabetes can lead long healthy lives with proper management and blood sugar control.  Technology and improvements in insulin therapy have greatly improved the management of this condition.

Symptoms of diabetes include:

  • Constantly feeling thirsty

  • Feeling excessively tired

  • Feeling hungry, even after you have eaten

  • Slow healing of cuts and bruises

  • A need to urinate very often

  • Blurry vision

  • Type I diabetes often causes weight loss, even when people eat more

  • Numbness, tingling or pain in the hands and legs

Type 2 Diabetes is Sometimes Preventable

Type 2 diabetes may be avoided, delayed or even prevented in some cases by a healthy lifestyle that includes sensible eating (consuming lots of whole, fresh fruits and vegetables and avoiding empty calories or junk food), and regular exercise such as walking. Walking tends to increase the body’s sensitivity to insulin, allowing the pancreas to function more efficiently.

Type 1 Diabetes…

Type 1 diabetes generally strikes younger people. Symptoms tend to develop very suddenly with little to no notice. Type I diabetes cannot be prevented, and requires consistent treatment across the lifespan.

Complication of Diabetes

Diabetes is manageable with proper diet, medications and exercise but control requires a fine balance and constant monitoring. Unfortunately, having high blood sugars can cause other medical complications over time.  Diabetes is the leading cause of blindness, and has strong links to heart attack, stroke, kidney failure, neuropathy (nerve damage), and even foot and leg amputations.  This is why it is critical for diabetics and their families to be engaged in their care.

There are promising new therapies to treat this disease, and with proper care, many people can lead happy, productive lives in spite of Type I or Type II diabetes.

If you, or someone you love has been diagnosed with Type I diabetes or Type II diabetes or you have questions about treatment options, please contact Dr. Dean Lombardo at Live Lean! today, at (888) 383-9197. Dr. Dean Lombardo serves Ocala, FL and the surrounding area. You can take charge of your weight, your health and your life. Dr. Dean Lombardo can help. Call today.